Why was the Eiffel tower built ?
The Eiffel Tower was built for mark the 100th anniversary of the bourgeois revolution in France in 1789 sensation world of international fair held. The Eiffel Tower named by famous designer by Gustave Eiffel, and under the tower Eiffel plastic for a bust bronze statue.
In 1889 coincided with the 100th anniversary of the French revolution, the French government decided to celebrate, and held a world on an unprecedented scale in Paris exposition, to show industrial technology and cultural achievements, and built a monument in symbolic of the French revolution and Paris. Organising committee had hoped to build a classic, statues, stone, the botanical garden and the memorial temple group, but in more than 700 apply for solution, selected the bridge engineer Eiffel (G · Eiffel, 1832-1923) of design: a symbol in Paris machine civilization, can see any corner towers.
The Eiffel Tower is one of the symbols of Paris, and the French named it the”Iron Lady”. The Eiffel Tower and the Empire State Building in New York, Tokyo tower is known as the west with three famous construction.
The 100th anniversary of the French revolution in 1889, Paris held large international fair. Exposition on the Eiffel Tower is the most striking exhibits. It became a symbol of sweeping the world of the industrial revolution.
Who built the Eiffel tower ?
Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the Eiffel Tower, he is famous for its overbridge experts early in life, and the Eiffel Tower named by his name. The Eiffel Tower in his own words: “Have overwhelmed me as if I just built her life”. At the beginning, although the French government decided to build the world’s highest large Eiffel Tower in Paris, but money is only 1/5 of the cost. Eiffel of his design had the construction engineering company and all his property mortgaged to the bank as the engineering investment.
On January 28, 1887, formally began the Eiffel Tower, 250 workers work 8 hours a day in winter, the summer working 13 hours a day, at last, on March 31, 1889, the steel structure of the tower. There are more than 18000, the metal parts of the Eiffel Tower weighs 7000 tons, drilling 7 million when construction, use rivets, 2.5 million. Because each part of the tower are strictly number beforehand, so a little mistake not assembly. It complete in accordance with the design of construction and the way without any changes in visual design of rational. According to statistics, only the tower design sketch has more than 5300, including 1700 full figure.
After the completion of the Eiffel Tower is 300 meters high, until 1930, it has always been the world’s tallest building. Nowadays, add the radio and television antenna on the tower, it always has amounted to 320 meters high. Someone says “Standing on the tower, the whole Paris under their feet”. Every day, attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world. By 1988, the “iron lady” has been welcome tourists from the five continents 123 million person-time.