Ankara, the capital of Turkey, is located in Asia minor peninsula between the Europe and Asia, the northwest of Anatolia plateau,and is a city at an altitude plateau of 900 meters.
Ankara became Turkey’s capital Ankara is the story recently. In great Ottoman empire, the capital of Turkey is the Istanbul on the side of the Bosporus. With the decline of the Ottoman empire, invaded and forced by the imperialist of Russia, Britain, France at the end of the 19th century and early 20th century, Turkey faced the danger of being carved up. Istanbul, often under the gunboat threat of the European imperialist powers, and the British-occupied city of Istanbul at 1920. Revered as the “Father” of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk group foreign and against foreign aggression in Asia minor peninsula and internal to overthrow feudal monarchy of Sudan bourgeois revolution. Due to the geographical position is moderate, the traffic is convenient, Ankara gradually became the center of the struggle. At the same time also for security reasons, after the success of the revolution, is classified as the capital of the republic of Ankara.
Ankara has a long history can be traced back to ancient centuries. Some historians believe that, as early as the 13th century BC, Hedy they established the castle in Ankara, was called “Ankura,” or “Ankira” the inflexion. Another legend is that the city is around 700 BC built by Midas, the king of Phrygia, because he found an iron anchor there, and it has become the city’s name. Later, the name after several changed to become “Ankara”.
Before the republic of Turkey was founded, Ankara is only a small city, but now has grown into a population of about 3.7 million modern city, second to the economic center, the ancient capital of Istanbul. Ankara to distinguish between old and new two parts, the old town to build the ancient castle on a hill as the center; New town around the old city east, west, south three sides, especially in the south of the city’s most neatly, here are the European-style architecture, the grand national assembly and the main government departments are concentrated in the area, farther south is home to the embassy district and the presidential palace, Qiang Kayani. The north-south main street was named for the republic of Kemal Ataturk his respectful name, called Ataturk avenue. Nation on the street and the red crescent, victory plaza square have the Ataturk statues, he or does on horseback, or head upright, the image is clear.
Ankara, known as the administrative center and commercial city, the industry is not very developed, the importance of the economy is much less than the Istanbul, Izmir, Dana and other cities. There are only some small and medium-sized factories. Ankara, undulating terrain, the climate is continental climate. The main agricultural products are wheat, barley, beans, fruits, vegetables, grapes, etc. Livestock is sheep, Angora goats and cattle. Ankara since ancient times is the traffic crossroads, rail and air routes to all parts of the country.
Here are the famous Ankara university, the Middle East technical university and other universities. On a hillside in the old city area there is Hedy’s museum, it display many reliefs, bronze ware, etc. Such historical cultural relics belong to six or seven centuries BC, fully shows the height of the civilization ancient Hedy. Ankara has many mosques. The mosque is an important part of Islamic culture.