A brief history of Sri Lanka:
2500 years ago, the Aryans immigrants from north India and Ceylon island and Sinhalese dynasty was established. In 247 BC, the Indian Mauryan emperor Asoka sent his son to the island to promote Buddhism, was welcomed by the local king, from the Sinhalese rejects the Brahmans and converted to Buddhism. Before and after the 2nd century BC, south Indian Tamils began to migrate and settle in Ceylon island. From the 5th century BC until the 16th century, Sinhala and Tamil war in between frequently. In the 16th century has ruled by the Portuguese and the Dutch. The end of the 18th century became a British colony. On February 4, 1948, independent, became the dominion of the British commonwealth. On May 22, 1972, announced the name Ceylon renamed the republic of Sri Lanka. “Sri Lanka” is the island of Ceylon Sinhala ancient name, means a bright future, fertile land. On August 16, 1978, change a name for the socialist republic of Sri Lanka’s democracy, but is still the commonwealth countries.
Politics of Sri Lanka:
The current constitution come into force on September 7, 1978, for the 4th constitution in history, change a parliamentary to a presidential system. 1982 years later many times to amend the constitution, the parliament six years to expire by citizens vote on whether to extend; Regulation, all officials, including lawmakers, must be sworn against separatism, safeguard national unity. The President is head of state and armed forces commander has appointed to the power of the prime minister and other cabinet members. Practice the unicameral parliament.
Economy of Sri Lanka:
Sri Lanka is a country mainly plantation economy of agricultural, fisheries, forestry and water resources. Tea, rubber and coconut are the three pillars of Sri Lanka national economic income. Sri Lanka’s main mineral deposits are graphite, precious stones, zircon, mica, titanium iron, etc., in which graphite production of the highest in the world, Lanka gem enjoys high reputation in the world. Sri Lanka’s industrial textile, clothing, leather, food, beverage, tobacco, paper, wood, chemical, oil processing, rubber, metal processing, and machine assembly, mostly concentrated in Colombo. Exports are mainly textiles, clothing, tea, rubber, coconut, and petroleum products. In addition, the economy is an important part of tourism is Sri Lanka, for countries to earn foreign exchange through hundreds of millions of dollars per year.