Singapore, located in the southeast Asia, is the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, a tropical island city. Area of 682.7 square kilometers (Singapore yearbook, 2002), north across the straits of Johor and Malaysia, have a long beach and Malaysia’s Johor Bahru are interlinked, south separates the Singapore strait and Indonesia. Is located in the Pacific and the Indian Ocean shipping routes – the straits of Malacca gateway, consists of Singapore island and 63 islands nearby, the island of Singapore accounted for 91.6% of the national area. The tropical Marine climate is high temperature and rainy all year round, and annual average temperature 24-27 ℃.
About 4 million people, including Chinese (76.7%); The Malays (13.9%); 1.5% of Indians (7.9%), other RACES. Malay, English, Chinese and Tamil are the official languages. The national language is Malay, and English for administrative terms. The main religion is Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity and Hinduism.
A brief history:
In the eighth century, the founding of the Indonesian chamber dynasty Buddha’s death. In the 18th century to the early 19th century was part of the kingdom of the Malayan Johor. In 1819, the British Stanford, arrival of the new Stamford raffles, contracting with Johor Sudan set up trading posts. In 1824 the British colonized, become the entrepot trade commercial port in the far east and southeast Asia’s main military base. In 1942 by the Japanese occupation, after Japan’s surrender in 1945, the British restore its colonial rule, the following year is divided into directly affiliated to the colonies. In 1946 Britain it is divided into the crown colony. Internal autonomy is practiced in Singapore in June 1959, become an autonomous state, Britain retains the defense, diplomacy, to amend the constitution, promulgated the “emergency law” and other power. On September 16, 1963, incorporated into Malaysia. Established on August 9, 1965, from Malaysia, the republic of Singapore. In September the same year became a member of the UN, to join the commonwealth in October.
The President is head of state, elected by universal, a six-year term. The President appointed parliamentary majority leader as prime minister. The President shall have the right to veto the government budget and public sector position appointment; To review the government internal security laws and religion with the authority of the statute for the time being in harmony and investigating corruption cases. The President’s advisory council by the committee was to provide consultation and advice to the President. The President in the exercise of certain functions and powers, such as the main civil service appointment, you must first ask the opinions of the President’s advisory council. The President and the parliament jointly exercise the legislative power. The council said congress, a unicameral. MPS elected by a referendum, a five-year term, parliament majority party to form a government.