Hagia Sophia in Istanbul stands out to be one of the structures which are a beauty in itself. If one the term has its origin in the Greek language and if translated into English would mean the Holy Shrine of wisdom. It is one such Omphalion which has been structured using the marble which has been cut in a circular fashion in Constantinople which is better known as Istanbul. It was constructed in the 6th century, and it has the seen the two mighty dynasties, the Byzantine, and the Ottomans.
The details about the mighty Hagia Sophia:
- Way back during the time of the Romans, a Cathedral was built in 574 AD. Istanbul was called to be Constantinople then. The mighty dome was constructed to give a shape as that of a church. The dome with a ceiling has yet another smaller dome above it. It is certainly splendour, and one cannot find the use of steel in the building.
- The dome is nearly 82 meters in length and 73 meters in its width. In diameter, the mighty dome stands out to be of 55 meters.
- The structure which is nearly 1400 years old and it has been used as a church till the time it was used as a mosque.
- Constantinople happened to be the capital of the Byzantine Empire which was a Christian state. It continued the same way even after the fall of the mighty Roman Empire.
- The city faced the riot of the Nika, and the church was believed to be rebuilt for three times twice when it was burnt down, and later during the conquest of the Sultan Mehmet II, the church was converted to a mosque.
- It is also believed to be rebuilt and nearly took 5 years and 10 months, were round about 10000 men worked to give a splendid look.
Strange but true:
- The mighty building has been serving 3 varied form of religion like the Pagan, the Christianity and also the Islam which is continuing till date.
- The building has one very interesting fact that it consisting of the Christian figurative as well as the Islamic calligraphy.
- Having 40 windows, light flows in from all of them giving a splendid internal look. The stones that had been used to build are mainly from the city of the Constantinople.
- The columns of the building were brought in from the Temple of Artemis situated in Ephesus and the larger black stones from Bosphorus and the green marbles were brought from Thessaly.
- Blue Mosque and The Sultan Ahmed Mosque were built being inspired by the mighty construction of Hagia Sophia.
So the mighty Hagia Sophia which is commonly known as the Holy Shrine of the pilgrimage bears the history which is certainly awe-inspiring. It is even more interesting that it served three religions and now serving as the holy pilgrimage of the religion of Islam. All at the same time, it stands out to be a museum which preserves the history to be witnessed by the people today.