Austria's claims to be "The heart of Europe", and Vienna is the "heart" of the heart. Since the ancient times, Vienna is the transportation hub linking east-west and to and from the Baltic sea and important channel between the Adriatic.
Vienna is a very complicated city, over hundreds of years of ups and downs from the beginning of the 17th century. Along with the flourish of the Hapsburg family, Vienna gradually becomes important European city, and restore ancient ways and innovation, conservative and revolution repeated alternately shape appearance. Before entering the city, you must understand the periods of her along the way first.
First period: Baroque and Rocaille styles swirl Vienna ─ from 1683 to 1786
Austria with the Ottoman Turkish empire against the situation that it was not until 1683 that made his thoroughly beat Turkey, and celebrate the end of the war of the Austrian launched the first years of prosperity. This is Vienna much important building of the new era, these statues, French garden decoration of the magnificent palace, one of the most famous is the hero of his Summer Palace - ewald beivi palace, the Summer Palace of the royal family - payment by the end of the spring palace, and acknowledge the plague god church - Karl is the church.
Surrounded by the Hofburg palace also build HuaZhai, Carla palace noble flow on this street. Maria Theresa is at times, she aspires to Vienna built into "the music capital of Europe", and from Salzburg music child prodigy, Mozart let Habsburgs admiration, the society with the development of classical music in Vienna, Vienna, and lay a permanent position in the music world.
The second period : The Waltz time ─ from 1806 to 1848
Napoleon invaded into the Vienna, shattered the noble concept of absolute power, raises the general public of new ideas, but, after the "Vienna meeting" new order of the nobility civilians from the political power, this group of people rich, leisure, and has no intervention are received royal love of music, Beethoven, Schubert, little John Strauss began composing music to the people of the city. Among them, little John Strauss created numerous classic Waltz dance; Cafe with, celebrities, civilians linger during which all the day, talk about current affairs. The concert hall, cafe, opera filled with audience, dancers. This is a bubble cafe, listening to music, dancing and so on the subaltern culture thriving s, known as " Biedermeier period" , " Biedermeier " was a bestseller actor name, take its integrity, diligent, hobby music of everyday life.
The third period : the Ringroad to create revivalism ─ from 1857 to 1890
The Habsburg dynasty last emperor Franz Joseph demolition of the old city of Vienna, reorganize the surrounded by a green shade in the center of avenue, and on both sides along the green avenue, list the Italian Renaissance style of new buildings, for example, the national art museum, museum of natural history, city hall, the Capitol building, etc. Ring road was completed in 1880, now you see the appearance was the scene of one hundred years ago, the only difference is to replace the carriage with the car.
The completion of Huancheng road was symbolized the Habsburg dynasty last time. Period, light opera, little John Strauss waltzes and etc appear frequently. World music avenue in the temple of the national opera in the ring again into a grand opening, headed by the "bat" little John, Brahms and literati are stationed in Vienna.
The fourth period : " Secession" artist opens the door of modern art ─ from 1897 to 1918
With muralist Khalim, architect Otto Wagner, Rudolph Luo, led by 19 painters, artists, in 1897 announced the formation of "secession", to show off the ring road as a symbol of restoring ancient ways, these attempts to establish belongs to the artists of the new era of art, through a series of revolutionary work. , including Khalim's Kiss, Beethoven mural of Beethoven Frieze, design of the postal savings bureau Hauptpostamt Wagner, Carl station Karlsplatz Pavilions, no decoration of Luo guan Loos Haus, even though these works were subjected to considerable criticism, but these artists for "New Vienna" with the strength to start my own style.