Sao Paulo is the largest city and the largest industrial center in Brazil, and located in the southeastern border of Maroth mountains big rock wall edge on the plateau of more than 800 meters above sea level. Southeast, 63 kilometers away from the main city area of 1624 square kilometers, including the suburbs, Sao Paulo has more than 2300 square kilometers, more than 13 million large Numbers of people in Sao Paulo. Although the city is near the tropic of Capricorn, but because of the terrain is higher, the summer is cool and rainy, the winter is dry slants cold with a pleasant climate, green trees, beautiful scenery of the city. Sao Paulo is the earliest Indian villages. On January 25, 1554, Portuguese colonists came here and found its ideal location, and building the construction of towns, because that day happened to be Catholic Saints day in Sao Paulo, was named the town of Sao Paulo, and set up the city of Sao Paulo in 1711.
In 1822, Brazil declared its independence here. By 1880, Sao Paulo, is still an area of 2 square kilometers, the town of 40,000 people, but by the end of the 19th century, because of the large area planting region near the coffee and foreign immigrants coming in great quantities, towns began to rapid development, the urban population has more than 1.3 million by 1940. According to reports, Sao Paulo is the fastest growing city in the world. Sao Paulo gives the impression of being is a scene is very busy. Looking down from the plane of this modern city in South America, high-rise buildings, with broad traffic on the road, 64000 streets in the city, like a spider web. Urban many buildings up to 30-40 layer, such as Sao Paulo state bank 32 floors, built at the top of the 160 meters in a tower. The Italy Building has 41 floors with a restaurant at the top and the observatory, pinglan, panoramic view of the city scenery. Sao Paulo business is booming, and business district is mainly concentrated in the delay tower street, “November 15th street, st, Antonio prado bento street plaza and republic plaza. The garden in the center of the square of the republic, with handicraft mart, sell gemstones, antique painting, wood carving, leather goods, stamps, COINS, stalls, on Sundays, Sao Paulo residents and tourists crowded to here, make the bazaar. The downtown area has a big market, covers an area of 27000 square meters of goods is various, complete variety, and the price is cheap, people day and night, a bustling, lively extraordinary. In addition, the size of more than 1600 hotels, restaurants, distribution in every corner in the city, but mainly concentrated in the city center, the wealthy enclaves, the southeast area and west consumption level is higher. Brazil was known as the kingdom of coffee, coffee production accounts for about 1/8 of the total world output. The important coffee region is near the origin and Sao Paulo, the city streets of various kinds of cafes everywhere, day and night of customers.
Sao Paulo is the largest industrial city in Brazil, the formation and development of urban industrial and economic is closely related to the state of Sao Paulo. Before the 19th century, the state of Sao Paulo is rich in cotton, rice and coffee, so as the state capital of Sao Paulo industrial in cotton, grain processing, coffee processing of traditional industries. Later, gradually developed metallurgy, machinery, automobile, electric power, food, cement, chemical, rubber, tobacco, paper and other industries, and the industrial sector to develop the main reason is that near the city is rich in hydropower resources, industrial raw materials are available from most of the state of Sao Paulo and nearby areas. Nearly two hundred and thirty years, and with Brazil Sao Paulo electronics industrial center, automobile industrial base and the nation’s largest oil refinery. Sao Paulo, there existing more than 30000 enterprises, factory production workers more than 200, focus on the half of Brazil’s national industry. Sao Paulo is a cultural city, the city university of Sao Paulo, the Catholic university, medical university and other universities and colleges, with a library more than millions of copies of Sao Paulo. Suburbs have baton rouge swallowing snakes institute was built in 1901, breeding and display the 2000 variety, quantity, amount to tens of thousands of kinds of snakes, annual production detoxification serum and prevent typhoid, tetanus, pertussis, diphtheria vaccine of infectious diseases, such as is the world recognized snake research center, every year attracts more than 30 foreign tourists to visit.
Many museums are in downtown Sao Paulo, and they are the museum of fine arts in Brazil, Sao Paulo furniture museum, aviation museum, science museum, Indian folk museum of arts and crafts, etc. The museums building are unique with rich collections and the great attraction to the tourists. There are many famous buildings in downtown Sao Paulo, one of the most conspicuous is one of the largest churches in the South America – Catholic cathedral. The church was built in the 30 s of this century, the 400th anniversary of the founding of completion in Sao Paulo in 1954, is a typical gothic architecture, momentum magnificent, colorful, save many bones of the saints in the basement.