Why named Singapore? : Singapore is a city country, original intention for the lion city. , according to the Malay history books recorded around 1150, the Sumatra prince by boat to this island, saw a black beast, locals told the lion, therefore named it “The lion city”. Singapore is Sanskrit “the lion city” homophonic, because local residents affected by the deeper Indian culture, like to use the Sanskrit as a place name. And the lion has the brave, heroic characteristics, therefore, take it as the name is a very natural thing. The overseas Chinese called it a “hot”, namely Malay “channel”, and also have called for the small star or star-island.Independence day, on August 9 (1965)
National flag: the national flag by on red under white two equal horizontal rectangles, is long and width ratio of 3:2. The top left-hand corner has a curved white moon and five white five-pointed star. Red represents the equality of human beings, white symbolizes purity and virtue; New moon symbol country, five stars represent the national establishment democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality thoughts. The moon and five stars combination closely and orderly, symbolizing the Singapore people‘s unity and the spirit of mutual aid.
The national emblem: the shield emblem, lion, tiger, etc. Red shield surface with a white crescent and star, the implied meaning is the same as the national flag. On the left side of the municipal administration is a lion, this is a symbol of Singapore, Singapore in Malay is “The lion city” mean; On the right side is a Zhi tiger, a symbol in the history of the relationship between Singapore and Malaysia. Below the municipal administration for the golden palm branches and leaves, written at the bottom of the blue ribbons in Malay “come on, Singapore!”
National leaders: S.R. Nathan, took office on September 1, 1999, six years; Prime minister Lee Hsien Loong, sworn in August 2004, was re-elected in May, 2006, was sworn in on May 30; Minister mentor Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s independence in 1965, after the long term as prime minister, resigned as prime minister in November 1990, the new cabinet.
Important festivals, Chinese New Year: January or February lunar New Year each year; The Mid-Autumn festival, the lunar August 15; Raya: Gregorian one at the time of the new moon October; Tamil New Year: 4, 5 months; Thaipusam: 1, 2, of the Tamil calendar months; Might fire section: 10 and 11 months. Vesak day: on May Day the full moon; Christmas on December 25, Third part of the round on Sunday after Easter: on March 21.