The politics of Sweden :
Constitution by government code (created in 1809 and revised in 1974), the succession to the throne (1810, revised in 1979) and the freedom of the press law (1949) of three basic law, in addition to parliamentary constitutional revision (1866, 1866). The constitution of constitutional was the monarchy in Sweden. The king is the head of state and commander in chief, as a national symbol only representative or ceremonial duties, cannot intervene the parliament and the government’s work. Parliament is the only national legislature, by universal suffrage. The government is the national highest administrative body, responsible to parliament. The king’s children the oldest is the legal heir to the throne.
The economy of Sweden :
Sweden, a developed private industry and comparing the perfect combination of state-owned public service “mixed economy”, is famous for its high salary, high taxes and generous welfare. Forest, iron ore and water is Sweden’s three natural resources, on the basis of development and formed the papermaking, mining, metallurgy, forestry four traditional electrical and mechanical manufacturing industry system. As a timber, iron ore, has rich hydropower resources of the state, Sweden on the development of the industrialization of the export-oriented economy. Industry occupies an important position in the national economy, 82% of industrial products exported to foreign countries. After the mid – 1970 – s, the Swedish industrial structure changed dramatically. Sweden and investment, strengthen scientific research and development of high-tech industry rapid development, traffic, communication, medicine, health care, information, environmental protection has strong competitiveness in the world, once as Sweden’s main export sector steel, wood processing industry has gradually been machinery manufacturing, electronic precision instruments and automobile industries. Shipbuilding, textile and other industrial decline, government subsidies provided a lot of money, reorganization or nationalised. Metal processing and machine manufacturing are Sweden’s most important industrial sector. Sweden’s mechanical products with precision, durability and the characteristics of high craft level
Ball bearing, refrigeration equipment and other traditional products are enjoying high reputation in the international market. The iron and steel industry is one of the industrial sector has a long history. The chemical industry is one of the leading industrial sectors in Sweden. Within the chemical industry, especially in the petrochemical, petroleum refining is the most outstanding, plastic, chemical fiber, medicine and chemical fertilizer also has great development. Auto industry developed rapidly after the war, in addition to the production car, also produce all kinds of trucks. One-third of the cars sold in the us. The energy industry is the important member of the Swedish economy status. Swedish industry developed, more energy-intensive enterprises, combined with the winter long and traffic line is very long, is a country of energy consumption, electricity consumption only each annual average of 13000 degrees or so. Sweden’s agriculture and service industry are more developed. The Swedish economy mainly depends on foreign trade, open markets and free trade. Sweden the main export products are: automotive and transportation equipment, machinery and equipment, electronic products, wood pulp paper, medicine, chemical industry and steel and metal products. Sweden more than 60% of the import goods for the manufacturing of parts and raw materials, mainly include: electronic products, machinery and equipment, automotive and transportation equipment, food, textile and footwear, etc.