The geography and history of Cape Verde, the islands of west coast Africa

Cape Verde, the islands of west coast Africa

The geography of Cape Verde:
Cape Verde means “The green cape”, covers an area of 4,033 square kilometers. On the corner of the bathing in the north Atlantic islands, east from the continent’s most west Cape Verde within the territory of more than 500 kilometers. To grab the United States, Africa, Europe and the maritime traffic crossroads 4 continents. Before the Suez Canal opened in Egypt in 1869, it is from Europe around Africa to Asia’s sea lanes. It is still stated oceangoing ships and large aircraft depot, known as the connection “at the intersection of the continents.” It is composed of 18 islands, north of st. Anne tang nine islands including all the year round to meet the northeast sea breeze is blowing, the windward islands, known as the southern cloth wax and other nine islands like hiding in the haven, is called the leeward islands. The islands were formed by volcanoes, the terrain almost entirely for the mountain. The highest peak Fogo is about 2,829 meters above sea level with scarce rivers, and is in a tropical dry climate with annual average temperature 24 ℃.


The geography and history of Cape Verde, the islands of west coast Africa
The brief history of Cape Verde:
In 1495, Cape Verde was a Portuguese colony. In the 16th century, Portuguese colonists turn Cape Verde island of San Diego to sell African black rights transfer station. 1951 become the province of Portugal, ruled by the governor. 1956 years later, under the leadership of the Cape Verde, guinea and African independence party, to carry out the mass movement for national independence. In December 1974, Portuguese with independence party, the government was forced to sign a separate agreement to Cape Verde, and composed of representatives of the interim government. The national election was in June 1975. In the same year on July 5, officially declared independence Buddha island national assembly, set up the republic of Cape Verde, by the Cape Verde, guinea and African independence party in power. Guinea-Bissau in November 1980, after a coup in February 1981 ended with Guinea-Bissau merger plan, and established the Cape Verde African independence party, replaced the original independents.
Population:
The population is about 409,000 (In the year of 2002). Most of mixed-race creoles, accounting for 71% of the population; Black accounts for 28%, European 28%. Portuguese is the official language. Creole is the national language. 98% of residents, Catholic minority orthodox Christian protestant and’s coming.


 

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