Turku located 230 kilometers northwest of Helsinki is Finland's second city. Founded in 1229 the port city of Turku, Finland, is the center of politics, economy, known as the "Cradle of Finland culture". Now the wave in the provincial capital is located. Finland's oldest city before 1812 has been the capital of Finland, still retains the many historical sites. Come here to find the ancient visitors to visit you can observe a rich collection of the medieval legacy of ancient castles, historic cathedral, and many of the architectural styles of primitive simplicity everywhere can make the person feel back to another time.
Turku originally by the Swedish (Sweden called the wave) developed from the castle, soon developed into a commercial center in 1525, the Swedish king Gus Doffer "Vasa have granted power of Turku city. The mid 16th century became the capital of the principality of Finland Turku. In 1809, Finland, Russia began to rule Turku has become the capital. In 1812, the capital moved to Helsinki from Turku.
Since the 14th century, Turku became Finland's foreign trade center. At that time, Finland not only seven cities, figure library is one of the largest and most important. It is the center of religious life in this country, it is the head of the church - the seat of the archbishop of Finland. Good natural harbor, make it become part of the foreign trade port throughput Finland. Owing to frequent trade with Germany, the German businessman in the center of life in the city occupies the important position.
Turku Finland is an important industrial center, has a very advanced shipbuilding, machinery manufacturing and metal processing, rope, textile, wood processing, tobacco and sugar industry.
Turku inherited the fine traditions of the ancient trade center and still is the second largest trade port of Finland. The main input port of the goods are : coal, coke, petroleum products, cotton, corn and machinery and equipment, etc.; The output of the main is wood, paper and machine, etc.
An important cultural center Turku is second only to Helsinki. There and Turku university school of economics, there is a huge libraries and museums and theaters and other cultural facilities.
The city is still kept many classic quiet and tastefully laid out and buildings. The Romanesque cathedral in 1258, is a Finnish many church building model. Turku got a lot of the 13th-century castle, orthodox church built in 1846 and has a big glass wall building such as a funeral home.